On 01.09.2022 clause 3 of the article 1 of the Federal Law dated 02.07.2021 No. 347-FZ came into force, which amended the Federal Law dated 13.03.2006 No. 38-FZ “On Advertising” (hereinafter referred to as the “Law on Advertising”) and obligated participants in the Internet advertising placement market to transfer data about it to a unified information system created by Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications (Roskomnadzor) - the Unified Register of Internet Advertising (hereinafter referred to as “URIA”).
Important: the new requirements apply to internet advertising that is displayed only in the Russian Federation.
Distinguishing between advertising and other information of a non-advertising nature
According to the article 3 of the Law on Advertising, advertising is information distributed in any way, in any form and using any means, addressed to an indefinite number of persons and aimed at drawing attention to the object of advertising, creating or maintaining interest in it and promoting it on the market.
On 14.11.2023, in order to clarify the concept of advertising and eliminate ambiguities, as well as to distinguish advertising fr om other information of a non-advertising nature, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia approved the Guidelines for compliance with mandatory requirements “The Concept of Advertising” (Order No. 821/23).
Additionally, the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia has provided answers to frequently asked questions about advertising, and also provides examples of advertising on the Internet that are subject to marking, which can be found here.
Important: each case is unique and is considered individually.
What exceptions are there?
All advertising on the Internet is subject to marking, with the exception of:
What must be done to carry out Internet advertising marking?
Immediately after registering the creative, ADO will assign it an advertising identifier (token) - erid, which looks like a set of numbers and Latin letters (for example, 5UGfwMukZ4).
Important: one token is given per creative; any change in the creative requires obtaining a new token.
Important: not only you, but also your counterparty can receive an advertising identifier and transfer information about placement, if you provide for the corresponding obligations in the agreement. In this case, the same person must receive the advertising identifier and transmit statistics of shows.
You can find out more details about these stages here.
Who exercises control?
The controlling government authorities are the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia (issues of classifying information as advertising; control over the presence of the mark “advertising”; control over the indication of information about the advertiser) and Roskomnadzor (presence of an identifier (token); transmission of information about advertising to URIA through ADO).
What is the liability for violation of requirements?
On 01.09.2023, the Federal Law dated 24.06.2023 No. 274-FZ “On Amendments to the Code of the Russian Federation on Administrative Offenses” came into force, which establishes measures of administrative liability for violations in the field of marking of Internet advertising:
It should be noted that administrative liability applies to offenses identified after 01.09.2023. At the same time, the new rules apply, among other things, to Internet advertisements that were placed before that date, continue to be displayed after that date, and the transaction for them has not been closed.
For archived advertisements, the placement of which ended before 01.09.2022 (i.e. transactions for them have been closed) and which are currently available for reading, obtaining and placing an identifier is not required. However, it is recommended to indicate the date of their publication (see Recommendations of Roskomnadzor).